Old Testament Commentary - 1 Samuel 27

by Don R. Hender

Scriptural Text [& Editorial]
Commentary & Explanation
Footnotes ~ References ~ JST
             CHAPTER 27            

David fless to Achish at Gath—He dwells among the Philistines for sixteen months.

  1 AND David said in his heart, I shall now perish one day by the hand of Saul: there is nothing better for me than that I should speedily escape into the land of the Philistines; and Saul shall despair of me, to seek me any more in any coast of Israel: so shall I escape out of his hand.
  2 And aDavid arose, and he passed over with the six hundred men that were with him unto bAchish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath.
  3 And David dwelt with Achish at Gath, he and his men, every man with his household, even David with his two awives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the Carmelitess, Nabal's wife.
  4 And it was told Saul that David was fled to Gath: and he sought no more again for him.
  5 ¶ And David said unto Achish, If I have now found grace in thine eyes, let them give me a place in some town in the country, that I may dwell there: for why should thy servant dwell in the royal city with thee?
  6 Then Achish gave him Ziklag that day: wherefore Ziklag pertaineth unto the kings of Judah unto this day.
  7 And the time that David dwelt in the country of the Philistines was a full year and four months.
  8 ¶ And David and his men went up, and invaded the Geshurites, and the Gezrites, and the Amalekites: for those nations were of old the inhabitants of the land, as thou goest to Shur, even unto the land of Egypt.
  9 And David smote the land, and left neither man nor woman alive, and took away the sheep, and the oxen, and the asses, and the camels, and the apparel, and returned, and came to Achish.
  10 And Achish said, Whither have ye made a aroad to day? And David said, Against the south of Judah, and against the south of the Jerahmeelites, and against the south of the Kenites.
  11 And David saved neither man nor woman alivea, to bring tidings to Gath, saying, Lest they should tell on us, saying, So did David, and so will be his manner all the while he dwelleth in the country of the Philistines.
  12 And Achish believed David, saying, He hath made his people Israel utterly to abhor him; therefore he shall be my servant for ever.
 11a David saved neither man nor woman alive This is the type of extermination destruction that the Lord had commanded of Israel in the first place against Israel's enemies and those who had populated the land of promise before Israel. As the Lord did continue to favor David in his becoming king, we may presume that the Lord allowed such at David's hand against his enemies. Yet when it came time that David desired to build the House of the Lord, the Lord forbid David stateing that he was a man of blood. Such as David's chosen manner of warfare may well have been that which the Lord refered to as well as the fact that the blood of Uriah lay at David's hands as well.