Old Testament Commentary - 2 Chronicles 35

by Don R. Hender

Scriptural Text [& Editorial]
Commentary & Explanation
Footnotes ~ References ~ JST
              CHAPTER 35                 

Josiah and all Judah keep a most solemn passover—Josiah slain by the Egyptians at Megiddo.

 1 MOREOVER Josiah kept a apassover unto the LORD in Jerusalem: and they killed the passover on the bfourteenth day of the first month.
 2 And he set the priests in their charges, and encouraged them to the service of the house of the LORD,
 3 And said unto the Levites that ataught all Israel, which were holy unto the LORD, Put the holy ark in the house which Solomon the son of David king of Israel did build; it shall not be a burden upon your shoulders: serve now the LORD your God, and his people Israel,
 4 And prepare yourselves by the ahouses of your fathers, after your courses, baccording to the cwriting of David king of Israel, and according to the writing of Solomon his sona.
 4a according to the writings of David king of Israel, and according to the writing of Solomon his son Other than a repreentative sample as such applies to the compiled texts of the Old Testament, we do not have the comlete 'Writings of David' nor the complete 'Writings of Solomon'. Not that they were necessarily all scriptural in their context, but it does illustrate that the Bible is a selection of writings and facts as such as its compilers considered relavent to their preparation. In Kings and Chronicles we have such as may refer and relate to such 'writings' of the Kings, but cerainly not their 'complete works'. David wrote or is responsible and given credit for many of the Psalms and Solomon even has a book or two attributed to him, one being under his own name. But such is not a comlete text or history of either of those two prominate kings of Israel. And of such illustration the Bible ought not be considered to be a complete record, for certainly from the righteous portion of David's life would have come much spiritually based writings, as is also the case of Solomon and his exercise of his gift of great wisdom from God. But as a matter of abridged condensation of histories and records, many such authors and even prophets and their writings were left out of today's Bible record. Many prophets of God came forth and spoke prophecies and warnings to Israel and Judah and we have virtually none of their detailed writings and prophecies in the Bible. Such illustrative case is that which the Book of Mormon gives of Zenos, Zenock and others mentioned and quoted in the Book of Mormon as taken from the plates of brass (a parallel record with the Jewish Bible). And to this distinct likelihood we may look to other records and writings that may well come forth in time from other such sources and peoples apart from the Biblical realm.
 5 And astand in the holy place according to the divisions of the families of the fathers of your brethren the people, and after the division of the families of the Levites.
 6 So kill the passover, and asanctify yourselves, and bprepare your brethren, that they may do according to the word of the LORD by the hand of Moses.
 7 And Josiah gave to the people, of the flock, lambs and kids, all for the passover offerings, for all that were present, to the number of thirty thousand, and three thousand bullocks: these were of the king's substance.
 8 And his princes gave willingly unto the people, to the priests, and to the Levites: Hilkiah and Zechariah and Jehiel, rulers of the house of God, gave unto the priests for the passover offerings two thousand and six hundred small cattle, and three hundred oxen.
 9 Conaniah also, and Shemaiah and Nethaneel, his brethren, and Hashabiah and Jeiel and Jozabad, chief of the Levites, gave unto the Levites for passover offerings five thousand small cattle, and five hundred oxen.
 10 So the service was prepared, and the priests stood in their place, and the Levites in their courses, according to the king's commandment.
 11 And they killed the passover, and the apriests sprinkled the bblood from their hands, and the Levites cflayed them.
 12 And they removed the burnt offerings, that they might give according to the divisions of the families of the people, to offer unto the LORD, as it is written in the book of Moses. And so did they with the oxen.
 13 And they roasted the passover with fire according to the ordinance: but the other holy offerings asod they in pots, and in caldrons, and in pans, and divided them speedily among all the people.
 14 And afterward they made ready for themselves, and for the priests: because the priests the sons of Aaron were busied in offering of burnt offerings and the fat until night; therefore the Levites prepared for themselves, and for the priests the sons of Aaron.
 15 And the singers the sons of Asaph were in their place, according to the commandment of David, and Asaph, and Heman, and Jeduthun the king's seer; and the porters waited at every gate; they might not depart from their service; for their brethren the Levites prepared for them.
 16 So all the service of the LORD was prepared the same day, to keep the passover, and to offer burnt offerings upon the altar of the LORD, according to the commandment of king Josiah.
 17 And the children of Israel that were present kept the passover at that time, and the feast of unleavened bread seven days.
 18 And there was no apassover like to that kept in Israel from the days of Samuel the prophet; neither did all the kings of Israel keep such a passover as Josiah kept, and the priests, and the Levites, and all Judah and Israel that were present, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
 19 In the eighteenth year of the reign of Josiah was this passover kept.
 20 ¶ After all this, when Josiah had prepared the temple, Necho king of Egypt came up to fight against Carchemish by Euphrates: and Josiah went out against him.
 21 But he sent ambassadors to him, saying, What have I to do with thee, thou king of Judah? I come not against thee this day, but against the house wherewith I have war: for God commanded me to make haste: forbear thee from meddling with God, who is with me, that he destroy thee nota.
 21a forbear thee from meddling with God, who is with me, that he destroy the not Now righteous men do make mistakes. Wither 'God' was with the Egyptians or with the King of Judah may not have been the real question. The prophets had told the kings of Judah not to become allied to any other nation but to serve their own God only and not to 'meddle' in such affairs between nations on one side or the other. In Josiah's actions he made himself a confederate of 'Carchemish' or Assyria as it were, in standing against Egypt, standing in their way of fighting Carchemish. Now Josiah was the most righteous King that the Kingdom of Judah ever had, but as God had warned the kings of Judah to not form any form of alliance with other nations, Josiah had transgressed the warning or word of God. And though it was not a 'moral sin' per say, it was as Adam and Eve had done, that is trangressed the word of God in partaking of the forbidden fruit, so it was with Josiah in transgressing aginst God's warning not to form any alliance with other nations. And as with Adam and Eve, King Josiah suffered the consequence of disobeying the word of God. Again not that he was a sinful man, as he was the most righteous, but in this one thing he failed to following the warning of God; and so he did suffer the consequence of his actions. So we also must suffer the consequence of our actions, not that they are sinful in breaking the 'moral commandments of God', but that we stand responsible for our actions of agency and will suffer the logical consequence of those action whether to our ill or benefit as the case may be.
 22 Nevertheless aJosiah would not turn his face from him, but disguised himself, that he might fight with him, and hearkened not unto the words of Necho from the mouth of God, and came to fight in the valley of Megiddo.
 23 And the archers shot at king Josiah; and the king said to his servants, Have me away; for I am sore wounded.
 24 His servants therefore took him out of that chariot, and put him in the second chariot that he had; and they brought him to Jerusalem, and he died, and was buried in one of the sepulchres of his fathers. And all Judah and Jerusalem mourned for Josiah.
 25 ¶ And Jeremiah alamented for Josiah: and all the singing men and the singing women spake of Josiah in their lamentations to this day, and made them an ordinance in Israel: and, behold, they are written in the lamentations.
 26 Now the rest of the acts of Josiah, and his goodness, according to that which was written in the law of the LORD,
 27 And his deeds, first and last, behold, they are written in the book of the kings of Israel and Judah.