New Testament Commentary - Acts 18

by Don R. Hender

Scriptural Text [& Editorial]
Commentary & Explanation
Footnotes ~ References ~ JST
            CHAPTER 18

Being rejected by the Jews, Paul turns to the Gentiles—He preaches, ministers, and travels—Apollos also preaches with power.

  1 AFTER these things Paul departed from Athens, and came to Corinth;
  2 And found a certain Jew named aAquila, born in Pontus, lately come from Italy, with his wife Priscilla; (because that Claudius had commanded all Jews to depart from Rome:) and came unto them.
  3 And because he was of the same craft, he abode with them, and awrought: for by their occupation they were btentmakers.
  4 And he reasoned in the asynagogue every bsabbath, and persuaded the Jews and the Greeks.
  5 And when Silas and aTimotheus were come from Macedonia, Paul was pressed in the spirit, and btestified to the Jews that Jesus was cChrist.
  6 And when they opposed themselves, and blasphemed, he ashook his raiment, and said unto them, Your bblood be upon your own heads; I am clean: from henceforth I will go unto the Gentiles.
  7 ¶ And he departed thence, and entered into a certain man's house, named Justus, one that worshipped God, whose house joined hard to the synagogue.
  8 And aCrispus, the chief ruler of the synagogue, believed on the Lord with all his house; and many of the Corinthians hearing bbelieved, and were baptized.
  9 Then spake the Lord to Paul in the night by a avision, Be not afraid, but speak, and hold not thy peace:
  10 For I am with thee, and no man shall set on thee to hurt thee: for I have much apeople in this city.
  11 And he continued there a year and six months, teaching the word of God among them.
  12 ¶ And when Gallio was the deputy of Achaia, the Jews made insurrection with one accord against Paul, and brought him to the judgment seat,
  13 Saying, This fellow persuadeth men to aworship God contrary to the law.
  14 And when Paul was now about to open his mouth, Gallio said unto the Jews, If it were a matter of wrong or awicked blewdness, O ye Jews, reason would that I should bear with you:
  15 But if it be a aquestion of words and names, and of your law, look ye to it; for I will be no judge of such matters.
  16 And he drave them from the judgment seat.
  17 Then all the Greeks took Sosthenes, the chief ruler of the synagogue, and beat him before the judgment seat. And Gallio cared for none of those things.
  18 ¶ And Paul after this tarried there yet a good while, and then took his leave of the brethren, and sailed thence into Syria, and with him Priscilla and Aquila; having shorn his head in Cenchrea: for he had a avow.
  19 And he came to Ephesus, and left them there: but he himself entered into the synagogue, and areasoned with the Jews.
  20 When they desired him to tarry longer time with them, he consented not;
  21 But bade them farewell, saying, I must by all means keep this feast that cometh in Jerusalem: but I will return again unto you, if God will. And he sailed from Ephesus.
  22 And when he had landed at Caesarea, and gone up, and saluted the church, he went down to Antioch.
  23 And after he had spent some time there, he departed, and went over all the country of Galatia and Phrygia in order, strengthening all the disciples.
  24 ¶ And a certain Jew named aApollos, born at Alexandria, an eloquent man, and bmighty in the scriptures, came to Ephesus.
  25 This man was ainstructed in the way of the Lord; and being bfervent in the spirit, he spake and taught cdiligently the things of the Lord, knowing only the baptism of dJohn.
  26 And he began to speak boldly in the synagogue: whom when Aquila and Priscilla had heard, they took him unto them, and expounded unto him the way of God more perfectlya.
 26a expounded unto him the way of God more perfectly More than the learned educated man is the true knowledge of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Apollos was eloquent and learned in the scriptures. How could a simple couple converted to Christ have instructed him 'more perfectly?' Certainly many would be intimidated by the learned man of verse, but Aquila and Priscilla were versed more perfectly in that they could speak and teach the truth of Christ by the spirit of the Holy Ghost. And even the learned and eloquent who are honest in heart are approachable unto the testimony of Jesus for they will recognize it when they hear it. And this is the mark of a truely educated man, that he recognizes that despite his own high learning he knows not all and that he may still learn much from others, especially those who convey the truth of God.
  27 And when he was disposed to pass into Achaia, the brethren awrote, exhorting the disciples to receive him: who, when he was come, helped them much which had believed through grace:
  28 For he mightily convinced the Jews, and that publickly, ashewing by the scriptures that bJesus was Christ.