Isaiah 11 — D&C 113
Isaiah Chapter 11
2 Nephi Chapter21
|The stem of Jesse (Christ) will judge in righteousness—The knowledge about God will cover the earth in the Millennium—The Lord will raise an ensign and gather Israel——Compare 2 Nephi 21.||The stem of Jesse (Christ) will judge in righteousness—The knowledge of God will cover the earth in the Millennium—The Lord will raise an ensign and gather Israel—Compare Isaiah 11. About 559–545 B.C.||
Stem of Jesse (Christ) shall judge in righteousness—The knowledge of God shall
cover the earth in the Millennium—The Lord shall raise an ensign and gather
Israel——Compare 2 Nephi 21.|
(Old Testament | Isaiah 11:Heading) Stem of Jesse (Christ) shall judge in righteousness—The knowledge of God shall cover the earth in the Millennium—The Lord shall raise an ensign and gather Israel—Compare Isaiah 11. About 559–545 B.C. (Book of Mormon | 2 Nephi 21:Heading) (Old Testament | Isaiah 11:Heading)
1 aAnd there shall come forth a brod out
of the cstem of dJesse, and a
eBranch shall grow out of his roots:
[In reading for comprehension and understanding some rudimentry sentence struture is required. The subject/noun/topic of the sentence here is 'rod'. And that is to what the pronouns of the next 5 verses refer back to as their antesedent = 'rod'. The prepositional phrase of 'of the stem' and 'of Jesse' but further define the subject 'rod' but they do not replace 'rod' as the 'subject' being spoken of.]
|1 aAnd there shall bcome forth a rod out of the cstem of Jesse, and a dbranch shall grow out of his roots.||
1a [And] 2 Ne. 21:1 (1–16); JS—H 1:40.
1b [rod] Ps. 110:2; D&C 113:3 (1–6).
1c [stem] D&C 113:1 (1–2). TG Jesus Christ, Messiah; Jesus Christ, Prophecies about.
1d [Jesse] Jesse was the father of David; reference is made to the royal Davidic genealogical line in which Jesus is eventually born. Micah 5:2; Heb. 7:14. TG Jesus Christ, Davidic Descent of.
1e [Branch] Jer. 23:5.
1a [And] Isa. 11:1 (1–16).
1b [Come] Isa. 53:2; Rev. 5:5.
1c [Stem of Jesse] D&C 113:2 (1–2).
1d [Branch] TG Jesus Christ, Davidic Descent of.
Isaiah 11 was written upon the plates of brass and transcribed from that souce upon the
Book of Mormon small plates by the hand of Nephi. Joseph Smith translanted such and also
likely compared his translation to the Bible for accuracy. By the work of Orson Pratt, the
Book of Mormon text was divided into 'scriptural' chapters and verses and in the case of
these Isaiah related chapters, Orson Pratt followed for the most part the divisions as such
of the King James Bible. As for how it was divided in the 1830 Edition of the Book of Mormon,
from Isaiah 6 to Isaiah 12 was included in one chapter, chapter IX. And the verses of
Isaiah 11 were contained but 2 paragraphs, with verses 1-9 in the first paragraph and
verses 10-16 in the second. This is as paragraphed marked by the Bible, thus likely either
the King James Bible was consulted or the was such a natural brake in the engravings of
the plates of brass text.
The first reference is merely that each text, Isaiah 11 and 2 Nephi 21 are crossreferencing that they are but the 'same' textual material as the other (1a & 1a). But in addition the Bible Isaiah 1a reference also further references Joseph Smith Hitory 1:40:
"In addition to these, he quoted the eleventh chapter of Isaiah, saying that it was about to be fulfilled. He quoted also the third chapter of Acts, twenty-second and twenty-third verses, precisely as they stand in our New Testament. He said that that prophet was Christ; but the day had not yet come when "they who would not hear his voice should be cut off from among the people," but soon would come." ~ Pearl of Great Price | JS-History 1:40
"For Moses truly said unto the fathers, A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto
you of your brethren, like unto me; him shall ye hear in all things whatsoever he shall say
Since the Joseph Smith History verse further mentioned the two verses of Acts, for clarification these two verses are included here also. It seems that the reference to the prophet being Christ in the JS-H is but clarifying who those verses are speaking of and there really is no such direct clarification as to who is being spoken of in Isaiah 11 except that is is about to be fulfilled relative to the times that the angel cited that scripture to the prophet Joseph Smith in 1823. This would seem to be speaking of the events of the last days up to and including the Millennial Day of the Lord.
In order of reading the verse, 2 Nephi 21 references the word [come] with Isaiah 53:2 and revelation 5:5 which are given next:
"For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him." Isaiah 53:2
"And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof." Revelation 5:5
Both of these verse do confirm that it is Jesus Christ who is to 'come' forth and is the topic of this verse. The Isaiah verse speaks of him as a 'tender plant' and as a 'root' out of a dry ground such as the house of David was relative to being any longer the recognized King of Judah, that is the house of David has stood barren for some hundreds of years. That he had no 'comeliness' or 'beauty,' this had been interpretated not as to human good looks, but as to such 'glory' that would seem to be about a divine entity. Jesus was in appearance as a man.
The Revelation verse is informative in that it states that the 'Root of David' [Jesus Christ] had prevailed to open the book [of life] and to loose the seven seals thereof. Certainly Jesus has won the victory in fulfilling his sacrificial mission of redemption and atonement. And thus he held the full power and authorty to open the book and loose the seals to let the coming events of prophecy commence and be futher fulfilled. Now as to the 'root of David/Jesse' being but Jesus Christ, the Lord himself has reported thus:
"I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star." ~ Rev. 22:16 (6-16)
The Isaiah text is he only one that references the [rod] in its verse 1, yet according to the sentence noun-topic structure it is the 'rod out of the stem of Jesse' that is going to be spoken about in verses 1-5, though some content that beyond the proper sentence topic structure they separate the 'rod' out from being the topic addressed and apply to it another interpretation that the rest of the verses would set it out to be are Psalm 110:2, but verses 1-6 ought to be includes and taken from the Kings James Bible to given its full contextual basis, which some otherwise attempt to skirt around. And then D&C 113:3 (1-6) is also given and again the broader contextual verses are helpful. They follow one at a time:
"THE LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine
enemies thy footstool.
The Question Asked Who Is Spoken of in Verses 1-5?
2 And the aspirit of the Lord shall rest upon him, the spirit of
bwisdom and cunderstanding, the spirit of
dcounsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the Lord;
3 And shall make him of quick understanding in the fear of the Lord: and he shall not ajudge bafter the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears:
4 But with righteousness shall ahe bjudge the poor, and creprove with equity for the dmeek of the earth: and he shall esmite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the fbreath of his lips shall he gslay the wicked.
5 And righteousness shall be the agirdle of his loins, and faithfulness the girdle of his breins.
2 And the aSpirit of the Lord shall rest upon him, the spirit of
bwisdom and cunderstanding, the spirit of
counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the Lord;
3 And shall make him of quick understanding in the fear of the Lord; and he shall not ajudge after the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears.
4 But with arighteousness shall he bjudge the poor, and reprove with equity for the cmeek of the earth; and he shall dsmite the earth with the erod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked.
5 And arighteousness shall be the girdle of his loins, and faithfulness the girdle of his reins.
|Here we look for agreement that it is Jesus Christ who is being spoken of in all these five verses. Though it says Spirit of the Lord, this would be understandably the Holy Ghost. Wisdom, understanding, counsel, knowledge and even the 'fear of the Lord' in that he is still honoring his Father. Certainly Jesus would have judgment without being a respector of persons. He judges in righteousness the poor, reporves with equity for the meek, smites the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips he does slay the wicked. He wears the girdle of righteousness and faithfullness in his reins, meaning he rules. These apply to Jesus and his responsibilities. Each he/his relates to the Rod and Branch names that refer to Jesus Christ.|
The Millennial Day
There seems very little to be concerned over verses 6-9. The are quite simple, straight forward and plain to be understood that is the the Millennium that is being spoken of.
6 The awolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie
down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little
child shall lead them.
7 And the cow and the bear shall feed; their young ones shall lie down together: and the lion shall eat straw like the ox.
8 And the sucking child shall play on the hole of athe asp, and the weaned child shall put his hand on the bcockatrice’ den.
9 They shall not ahurt nor bdestroy in all my holy cmountain: for the dearth shall be full of the eknowledge of the Lord, as the waters cover the sea.
6 The awolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie
down with the kid, and the calf and the young lion and fatling together; and a little
child shall lead them.
7 And the cow and the bear shall feed; their young ones shall lie down together; and the lion shall eat straw like the ox.
8 And the sucking child shall play on the hole of the asp, and the weaned child shall put his hand on the cockatrice’s den.
9 They shall anot hurt nor bdestroy in all my holy mountain, for the cearth shall be full of the dknowledge of the Lord, as the waters cover the sea.
[root of Jesse]
Scripturally the phrase, person of thing, 'root of Jesse' is given four times and they all relate to the 'one' it was used by Isaiah the prophet. They are in Isaiah 11:10 and in the Book of Mormon as 2 Nephi 21:10, which is but that of the same redition of Isaiah quoted from Isaiah of the same reference. There there is D&C 113:5, which but asked the question of 'What' is the 'root of Jesse' spoken of in Isaiah 11:10; again referencing the same statement of Isaiah. And finally there is Romans 15:12, where the apostle Paul again references what it was the Isaiah said concerning a 'root of Jesse.' And thus all four come from the one time in spirit where Isaiah used the term 'root of Jesse.' And in all reality the subject of discussion is the 'root' and 'of Jesse' is but a prepositional phrase further modifying or further delimiting the 'root.' Since Paul's statement goes beyond just stating that Isaiah said it or asking what was the 'root of Jesse' that Isaiah stated, which real does not further the answer of the question in and of itself; we will begin by quoting apostle Pauls reference to it which does seem to go beyond just restating it or asking about it.
"And again, Esaias [Isaiah] saith, There shall be a root of Jesse, and he that shall rise to reign over the Gentiles; in him shall the Gentiles trust." ~ New Testament | Romans 15:12
That verse does reference the root of Jesse to the Topical Guide [TG] to the Scriptures under the topic 'Jesus Christ, Davidic Descent of.' Isaiah 11:10 references the root of Jesse to D&C 113:5, where it asks 'What is the root of Jesse ...', and also Revelation 5:5 given next with another scripture that that reference also refers to, being Revelation 22:16 (6-16).
"And one of the elders saith unto me, Weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Juda, the Root of David, hath prevailed to open the book, and to loose the seven seals thereof." ~ Revelation 5:5
"And he said unto me, These sayings are faithful and true: and the Lord God of the holy
prophets sent his angel to shew unto his servants the things which must shortly be done.
Thus to this point the string of scriptural reference seems to equate the 'root of Jesse' with the 'root of David' and the Davidic decent of Jesus Christ. And the Book of Mormon, 2 Nephi 21:10 references the 'root of Jesus' to Romans 15:12 and D&C 113:5 (5-6), and we are back to where we began. And D&C 113:5 references it right back to 2 Nephi 21:10 (10-12) and again we are back again to where we are now at. And thus we are at the point that to identify the 'root of Jesse' with anything but the Davidic descent of Jesus Christ and Jesus Christ himself, we must lean to 'more modern revelation' or definition beyond merely the scriptural sources that further defines what the 'ensign' is that the 'root of Jesse' stand for.
Below in the third column it does refer to addresses by President Gordon B. Hinkley and apostle Jeffery R. Holland concerning the identification of the 'ensign.' From their statements it may be deduced that The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints as represented by its faithful members stand as an ensign to the world. In this sense Joseph Smith and many others as well would qualify as being that 'root of Jesse' being spoken of.
But that the qualifications stated in direct answer to the question as stated 'by the Lord, "... it is a descendant of Jesse, as well as of Joseph, unto whom rightly belongs the priesthood, and the keys of the kingdom, for an ensign, and for the gathering of my people in the last days." These fruther 'qualifying' delimiters would certainly limit it to one such as Joseph Smith, and there would still seem to be others; BUT does it really disqualify Jesus Christ? (see Messiah ben David ~ Messiah ben Joseph).
10 ¶And in athat day there shall be a broot
of Jesse, which shall stand for an censign of the people;
dto it shall the eGentiles seek: and his
frest shall be glorious.
11 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall set his hand again the asecond time to brecover the cremnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the dislands of the sea.
12 And he shall set up an aensign for the nations, and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth.
13 The envy also of Ephraim shall depart, and the adversaries of Judah shall be cut off: Ephraim shall not aenvy bJudah, and Judah shall not vex Ephraim.
14 But they shall afly upon the bshoulders of the Philistines toward the west; cthey shall spoil them of the east together: they shall lay their hand upon Edom and Moab; and the children of Ammon shall obey them.
15 And the Lord shall utterly adestroy the tongue of the bEgyptian sea; and with his mighty wind shall he shake his hand over the river, and shall smite it in the seven streams, and make men go over dryshod.
16 And there shall be aan bhighway for the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria; like as it was to Israel in the day that he came up out of the land of Egypt.
10 And in that day there shall be a aroot of Jesse, which shall
stand for an ensign of the people; to it shall the bGentiles seek;
and his crest shall be glorious.
11 And it shall come to pass in that day that the Lord shall set his hand again the asecond time to recover the remnant of his people which shall be left, from bAssyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from cShinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea.
12 And he shall set up an aensign for the nations, and shall assemble the boutcasts of Israel, and cgather together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth.
13 The aenvy of Ephraim also shall depart, and the adversaries of Judah shall be cut off; Ephraim shall not benvy cJudah, and Judah shall not vex Ephraim.
14 But they shall fly upon the shoulders of the aPhilistines towards the west; they shall spoil them of the east together; they shall lay their hand upon bEdom and cMoab; and the children of Ammon shall obey them.
15 And the Lord shall utterly adestroy the tongue of the Egyptian sea; and with his mighty wind he shall shake his hand over the river, and shall smite it in the seven streams, and make men go over bdry shod.
16 And there shall be a ahighway for the remnant of his people which shall be left, from Assyria, like as it was to Israel in the day that he came up out of the land of Egypt.
The 'root of Jesse' of verse 10, IS NOT 'THE root of Jesse' but 'a root of
Jesse.' This leaves room for there to be more than one 'root of Jesse.' So whether 'they'
who are identified as being our 'root of Jesse' is not a limited question as such,
whether it be Joseph Smith, Jesus Christ, of any one of the many members of the Chruch
that qualify as of the house of Isreal.
WHAT rather seems to be of question here so: "Who or even what is to 'stand for an ensign of the people;' to it shall the Gentles seek:?" The pronoun it would seem to identify the 'ensign' as a 'thing' and not a person, yet the person does seem to some how stand 'for an ensign.'
As late as 2003 October Conference of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, President/Prophet Gordon B. Hinkley stated: "I believe and testify that it is the mission of this Church to stand as an ensign to the nations and a light to the world." He further stated, "If we are to [be] an ensign to the nations and a light to the world, we must take on more of the luster of the life of Christ."
In an address apostle Jeffery R. Holland references Ensign Peak and that 'the Lord's house shall be established in the tops of the mountains' and 'he shall set up an ensign for the nations.' Elder Holland also points out that 'Elder Heber C. Kimball produced a yellow bandana, which President Brigham Young tied to a walking stick of Elder Willard Richards. And then President Young planted the makeshift flag on Ensign Peak. Elder Holland also stated to his audience, "You are one of those angelic messengers called from before the foundation of the world to wave the ensign of the gospel of Jesus Christ to all the world."
1 AND there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a
Branch shall grow out of his [Jesse's] roots:
2 And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him [the rod/Branch], the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD;
3 And shall make him [the rod/Branch] of quick understanding in the fear of the LORD: and he [the rod/Branch] shall not judge after the sight of his [the rod/Branch] eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his [the rod/Branch] ears:
4 But with righteousness shall he [the rod/Branch] judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he [the rod/Branch] shall smite the earth with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his [the rod/Branch] lips shall he [the rod/Branch] slay the wicked.
5 And righteousness shall be the girdle of his [the rod/Branch] loins, and faithfulness the girdle of his [the rod/Branch] reins." ~ Old Testament | Isaiah 11:1-5)
ver. 21 February 2016