Old Testament & Book of Mormon Commentary
- Isaiah 51-2 / 2 Nephi 8

by Don R. Hender


   Jacob in the Book of Mormon continues reading from Isaiah concerning the events to come in the latter days, which prophesies of Zion and the gahtering of Israel upon the American continent. This was to inform and comfort the Nephites that they had not been scattered and left in a strange land forever, but that when Israel would be gathered again, they would be included in that time of the Lord. Significantly Jacob does not end and divide Isaiah as it is in the Bible today. He includes the first two verses of Isaiah 52 as part of his reading which has now extended from the last verse of Isaiah 49 to the first two verses of Isaiah 52, all as a continuous reading of the scattering of Israel and their gathering at the Second Coming of Christ, after he had fulfilled the atonement during his mortal ministry. He specifically ties it all together refering to both Zion and Jerusalem in the day of the Lord.
Scriptural Text [Isaiah 51+]
Scriptural Text [2 Nephi 8]
Footnotes ~ References ~ JST
           CHAPTER 51            

In the last days, the Lord shall comfort Zion and gather Israel—The redeemed shall come to Zion amid great joy.

             CHAPTER 8

In the last days, the Lord shall comfort Zion and gather Israel—The redeemed shall come to Zion amid great joy—Compare Isaiah 51 and 52:1-2. [Between 559 and 545 B.C.]

  1 aHEARKEN to me, ye that follow after righteousness, ye that seek the LORD: look unto the brock whence ye are hewn, and to the hole of the pit whence ye are digged.
  2 Look unto aAbraham your bfather, and unto Sarah that bare you: for I called him calone, and dblessed him, and increased him.
  3 For the LORD shall acomfort bZion: he will comfort all her waste places; and he will make her wilderness like cEden, and her desert like the dgarden of the LORD; joy and gladness shall be found therein, thanksgiving, and the voice of melodya.   
1 aHEARKEN unto me, ye that follow after righteousness. Look unto the brock from whence ye are hewn, and to the hole of the pit from whence ye are digged.
2 Look unto Abraham, your afather, and unto bSarah, she that bare you; for I called him alone, and blessed him.
3 For the Lord shall acomfort bZion, he will comfort all her waste places; and he will make her cwilderness like dEden, and her desert like the garden of the Lord. Joy and gladness shall be found therein, thanksgiving and the voice of melodya.

 3a thanksgiving, and the voice of melody Who but the renown LDS Tabernacle Choir is this a personification of? It is an apt description of the function of the LDS Choir as they sing praises of 'thanksgiving' with their 'voices of melody'.
 1a Isa. 51:1-23; 2 Ne. 7:1
   b IE Abraham and Sarah see v. 2; TG Rock
 1a 2 Ne. 8:1-25
   b IE These are defined in the next
     as Abraham and Sarah; TG Rock
 2a Gen. 17:4 (1-8); D&C 109:64; D&C 132:49
   b Gen. 24:36
 2a 3 Ne. 20:27
   b TG Family, Eternal
   c Gen. 12:1; Abr. 1:16
   d Gen. 24:1
 3a TG Israel Restoration of
   b TG Zion
 3a Zech. 1:17 (14-17); TG Comfort
   b TG Zion
   c TG Earth, Destiny of; TG Earth, Renewal of
     TG Eden
   d Ezek. 36:35

  4 ¶ Hearken unto me, my people; and give ear unto me, O my nation: for a alaw shall proceed from me, and I will make my judgment to rest for a light of the people.
  5 My righteousness is near; my asalvation is gone forth, and mine arms shall bjudge the people; the cisles shall wait upon me, and on mine arm shall they trust.
  6 Lift up your eyes to the heavens, and look upon the earth beneath: for the heavens shall avanish away like smoke, and the earth shall bwax cold like a garment, and they that dwell therein shall die in like manner: but my salvation shall be for ever, and my righteousness shall not be abolished.
4 Hearken unto me, my people; and give ear unto me, O my nation; for a alaw shall proceed from me, and I will make my judgment to rest for a blight for the people.
5 My righteousness is near; my asalvation is gone forth, and mine arm shall bjudge the people. The cisles shall wait upon me, and on mine arm shall they trust.
6 Lift up your eyes to the aheavens, and look upon the earth beneath; for the heavens shall bvanish away like smoke, and the earth shall cwax old like a garment; and they that dwell therein shall die in like manner. But my salvation shall be forever, and my righteousness shall not be abolished.
 4a Isa. 2:3; TG God, Law of;
   b TG Light;
 4a OR teaching doctrine; TG God, Law of
 5a
TG Jesus Christ, Savior; TG Salvation;
   b TG Jesus Christ, Judge
   c 2 Ne. 10:20
 5a Ps. 85:9; Isa. 46:13
   b TG Jesus Christ, Judge
   c Isa. 60:9; 1 Ne. 22:4; 2 Ne. 10:8, (20-22);
     2 Ne. 29:7; D&C 133:8
 6a 2 Pet. 3:10
   b Isa. 13:13
   c Ps. 102:26 (25-28)
 6a HEB be dispersed.; Ps. 102:26 (25-27);
    
2 Pet. 3:10-12
   b HEB decay
   c Isa. 50:9

  7 ¶ Hearken unto me, ye that know righteousness, the people in whose aheart is my law; bfear ye not the creproach of dmen, neither be ye afraid of their erevilings.
  8 For the amoth shall eat them up like a garment, and the worm shall eat them like wool: but my righteousness shall be for ever, and my salvation from generation to generation.
7 Hearken unto me, ye that know righteousness, the people in whose heart I have written my law, afear ye not the breproach of men, neither be ye afraid of their crevilings.
8 For the amoth shall eat them up like a garment, and the worm shall eat them like wool. But my righteousness shall be forever, and my salvation from generation to generation.
 7a Deut. 1:17; Ps. 56:4, 11; Ps. 118:6;
     D&C 122:9; TG Peer Influence
   b TG Reproach
   c TG Hate
 7a TG Heart
   b Matt. 10:28
   c TG Reproach
   d D&C 30:11
   e TG Reviling
 8a Isa. 50:9
 8a Isa. 50:9

  9 ¶ Awake, awake, put on astrength, O arm of the LORD; awake, as in the ancient days, in the generations of old. Art thou not it that hath cut Rahab, and wounded the bdragon?
  10 Art thou not it which hath adried the sea, the waters of the great deep; that hath made the depths of the sea a bway for the cransomed to pass over?
  11 Therefore the aredeemed of the LORD shall breturn, and come with singing unto Zion; and everlasting cjoy shall be upon their head: they shall obtain gladness and joy; and sorrow and dmourning shall flee away.
9 aAwake, awake! Put on bstrength, O arm of the Lord; awake as in the ancient days. Art thou not he that hath cut cRahab, and wounded the ddragon?
10 Art thou not he who hath dried the sea, the waters of the great deep; that hath made the depths of the sea a away for the ransomed to pass over?
11 Therefore, the aredeemed of the Lord shall breturn, and come with csinging unto Zion; and everlasting joy and holiness shall be upon their heads; and they shall obtain gladness and joy; sorrow and dmourning shall flee away.
   9a Isa. 52:1
     b D&C 113:8 (7-8); TG Israel, Restoration of
     c Ps. 89:10; Isa. 27:1
     d Ezek. 29:3
   9a TG Strength
     b Ps. 74:13; Isa. 27:1
 10a Isa. 35:8-10
 10a Ex. 14:21
     b Isa. 35:8-10
     c Isa. 35:9-10
 11a TG Israel, Restoration of
     b TG Israel, Gathering
     c Isa. 35:10; Jer. 31:12-13
     d Rev. 21:4 (2-5)
 11a TG Israel, Restoration of
     b TG Israel, Gathering
     c TG Joy
     d TG Morning

  12 I, even I, am he that comforteth you: who art thou, that thou shouldest be aafraid of a man that shall die, and of the son of man which shall be made as grass;
  13 And aforgettest the LORD thy maker, that hath stretched forth the heavens, and laid the foundations of the aearth; and hast feared continually every day because of the fury of the oppressor, as if he were ready to destroy? and where is the fury of the oppressor?
  14 The captive exile hasteneth that he may be loosed, and that he should not die in the apit, nor that his bread should fail.
12 aI am he; yea, I am he that comforteth you. Behold, who art thou, that thou shouldst be bafraid of man, who shall die, and of the son of man, who shall be made like unto cgrass?
13 And aforgettest the Lord thy maker, that hath bstretched forth the heavens, and laid the foundations of the earth, and hast feared continually every day, because of the fury of the coppressor, as if he were ready to destroy? And where is the fury of the oppressor?
14 The acaptive exile hasteneth, that he may be loosed, and that he should not die in the pit, nor that his bread should fail.
 12a D&C 133:47; D&C 136:22
     b Jer. 1:8 (7-8)
     c Isa. 40:6-8; 1 Pet. 1:24-25
 12a Ps. 56:4; Jer. 1:8 (7-8)
 13a Jer. 23:27-39
     b Job 9:8
     c IE Isreal's captors, typifying evil rulers
       who oppress the righteous; see v. 14;
       TG Oppression
 13a TG Apathy
     b TG Creation
 14a Isa. 52:2
 14a Zech. 9:11

  15 But I am the LORD thy God, that divided the asea, whose waves roared: The LORD of hosts is his name.
  16 And I have put my awords in thy mouth, and I have covered thee in the shadow of mine hand, that I may plant the heavens, and lay the foundations of the earth, and say unto Zion, Thou art my people.
15 But I am the Lord thy God, whose awaves roared; the Lord of Hosts is my name.
16 And I have aput my words in thy mouth, and have covered thee in the shadow of mine hand, that I may plant the heavens and lay the foundations of the earth, and say unto Zion: Behold, thou art my bpeople.
 15a 1 Ne. 4:2
 15a 1 Ne. 4:2
 16a TG Israel, Mission of;
       TG Prophets, Mission of
     b 1 Kings 8:51; 2 Ne. 3:9; 2 Ne. 29:14
 16a 2 Ne. 33:10-11; Moro. 10:27-29;
       D&C 1:24

  17 ¶ Awake, awake, stand up, O Jerusalem, which hast drunk at the hand of the LORD the acup of his bfury; thou hast drunken the dregs of the ccup of trembling, and wrung them out.
  18 There is none to guide her among all the sons whom she hath brought forth; neither is there any that taketh her by the hand of all the sons that she hath brought up.
17 Awake, awake, stand up, O Jerusalem, which hast drunk at the hand of the Lord the acup of his bfury—thou hast drunken the dregs of the cup of trembling wrung out—
18 And none to guide her among all the sons she hath brought forth; neither that taketh her by the hand, of all the sons she hath brought up.
 17a Jer. 25:15
     b Luke 21:24 (22-24)
 17a Jer. 25:15
     b TG God, Indignation of
     c Zech. 12:2

  19 These atwo things are come unto thee; who shall be sorry for thee? desolation, and destruction, and the famine, and the sword: by whom shall I comfort thee?
  20 Thy sons have fainted, they lie at the head of all the streets, as a awild bull in a net: they are full of the fury of the LORD, the rebuke of thy God.
19 These two asons are come unto theea, who shall be sorry for thee—thy desolation and destruction, and the famine and the sword—and by whom shall I comfort thee?
20 Thy sons have fainted, save these twoa; they lie at the head of all the streets; as a wild bull in a net, they are full of the fury of the Lord, the rebuke of thy God.

 19a These two sons are come unto thee Verse 18 sets forth that all the sons of Israel there is none to guide her except as verses 19 and 20 so state 'except or save' These two sons. Who are the two sons of Israel who are raised up full of the fury and of the rebuke of the Lord God? Are they not Ephraim and Manasseh, so raised up in the latter day to the bring forth of the kingdom of God to the fulfilling of the covenant of the fathers, even that of Abraham? Various General Authorites have stated that they will be assigned leaders of the LDS Church who do fulfill this called mission and witness of the latter days. Still another perspective is that there are basically only to recognized sons of Jacob who have prevailed, that is Judah and his associates and Ephraim, the covenant son of Joseph and those associated with him. All the other sons and tribes of Israel have pretty much vanished into history and are no longer distinctly recognized as having a prevailling mission associated with the latter days except that missions and pressence of Ephraim and Judah. Could this we a dualistic reference to this matter?
 20a Thy sons have fainted, save these two The two sons of Israel who have not fainted over the course of time is that of Judah and Ephraim and/or Joseph. The seed of Judah, the remnant thereof, has maintained an identity throughout before the nations of the world. As for the promised seed of Joseph, it too has remained to fulfill that mission of the restoration and to take the gospel to the world in the latter days. Yet, Ehpraim and Manasseh have laid 'hidden' before the world for the most part, at least that part who has maintained the recognized histories kept. The seed of Joseph is the Book of Mormon people on the one hand, who are presented and spoken of in the Book of Mormon. The rest of Ephraim or Joseph has been sifted in and hid among the nations of the earth, which justifies taking the gospel to the whole earth to retrive 'God's People' there from. Much could be said concerning this matter, surfice for now but this.
 19a Rev. 11:3-12
 19a Zech. 4:14 (11-14); Rev. 11:3-12
 20a OR antelope

  21 ¶ Therefore hear now this, thou afflicted, and drunken, but not with wine:
  22 Thus saith thy Lord the LORD, and thy God that apleadeth the cause of his people, Behold, I have taken out of thine hand the cup of trembling, even the dregs of the cup of my fury; thou shalt no more drink it again:
  23 But I will put it into the ahand of them that bafflict thee; which have said to thy soul, cBow down, that we may go over: and thou hast laid thy body as the ground, and as the street, to them that went over.
21 Therefore hear now this, thou afflicted, and adrunken, and not with wine:
22 Thus saith thy Lord, the Lord and thy God apleadeth the cause of his people; behold, I have taken out of thine hand the cup of trembling, the dregs of the cup of my fury; thou shalt no more drink it again.
23 But aI will put it into the hand of them that afflict thee; who have said to thy soul: Bow down, that we may go over—and thou hast laid thy body as the ground and as the street to them that went over.
 21a 2 Ne. 27:4
 22a Jer. 50:34
 22a Jer. 50:34
 23a Joel 3:16 (9-16); Zech. 12:9 (2-3, 8-9);
       Zech. 14:12 (3, 12-15)
 23a Jer. 25:17
     b 3 Ne. 20:28
     c Isa. 52:2

ISAIAH CHAPTER 52

  1 aAwake, awake; put on thy bstrength, O cZion; put on thy dbeautiful egarments, O fJerusalem, the holy city: for henceforth there shall no more come into thee the uncircumcised and the unclean.
  2 aShake thyself from the dust; barise, and sit down, O Jerusalem: loose thyself from the cbands of thy neck, O captive daughter of Zion.
24 aAwake, awake, put on thy bstrength, O cZion; put on thy beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city; for henceforth there shall dno more come into thee the uncircumcised and the unclean.
25 Shake thyself from the dust; arise, sit down, O Jerusalem; loose thyself from the abands of thy neck, O captive daughter of Zion.
 24a Isa. 52:1-2
     b D&C 113:8 (7-8); TG Strength
     c TG Zion
     d Joel 3:17; Zech. 14:21
   1a 3 Ne. 20:36-38
     b TG Israel, Restoration of;
       TG Mission of Latter-day Saints;
       TG Priesthood, Power of Saints;
       TG Strength
     c TG Zion
     d D&C 113:7-8
     e D&C 82:14
     f TG Jerusalem
 25a D&C 113:10 (9-10)
   2a Isa. 51:23
     b IE Arise from the dust and sit down
       in dignity, being redeemed at last
     c D&C 113:10; TG Bondage, Spiritual


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