Old Testament Commentary - Proverbs 10

by Don R. Hender

Scriptural Text [& Editorial]
Commentary & Explanation
Footnotes ~ References ~ JST
                CHAPTER 10                 

A wise son maketh a glad father—The mouth of a righteous man is a well of life—He that uttereth slander is a fool—The desire of the righteous shall be granted.

  1 The aproverbs of Solomona. A bwise son maketh a cglad dfather: but a efoolish son is the fheaviness of his gmother.
  2 aTreasures of wickedness profit nothing: but brighteousness delivereth from death.
  3 The LORD will not suffer the soul of the righteous to famish: but he casteth away the substance of the wicked.
 1a Solomon With all the proverbs and with all the wisdom of King Solomon the wise, Solomon did stray and sin in many ways. The one to be noted, since so many of the proverbs speak of 'strange women' and of 'sexual sin' is that King Solomon, possibly blurred by his position and power as king, turned away from God and went after Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians and he 'loved many foreign women' from such as Egypt, the Hittite nation, Moab, Ammon, Edom, and Sidon. He married them partly for intra-nation deplomacy and also he himself did lust after them though the Lord had commanded Israel not to intermarry with other nations not of their faith. And he did worship Astarte (Ashtoreth) and many foreign gods including building on a mount east of Jerusalem a place to worship Chemosh, the god of Moab and he built another place to worship even Molech. Just being wise is not enough. Solomon lack the long term strength of character not to turn to the wicked ways of the world dispite all his knowledge and understanding of righteousness and wisdom from God.  1a 1 Kings 4:42; Prov. 1:1; Prov. 25:1
   b Prov. 17:21
   c TG Happiness
   d TG Marriage, Fatherhood
   e Prov. 15:5, 20
   f OR sorrow
   g TG Family, Children, Dutties of;
     TG Marriage, Motherhood
 2a TG Treasure
   b TG Righteousness

  4 He becometh poor that dealeth with a aslack hand: but the hand of the bdiligent maketh rich.
  5 He that gathereth in summer is a wise son: but he that sleepeth in harvest is a son that causeth shame.
  6 aBlessings are upon the head of the just: but violence covereth the mouth of the wicked.
 4a TG Laziness
   b TG Dedication; TG Diligence
 6a D&C 39:8

  7 The memory of the just is blessed: but the name of the awicked shall brot.
  8 The wise in heart will receive commandments: but a prating fool shall fall.
  9 He that awalketh buprightly walketh surely: but he that perverteth his ways shall be known.
 7a TG Wickedness
   b Isa. 14:22; Jer 51:62 (61-62)
 9a TG Walking with God
   b Prov. 28:6

  10 He that winketh with the eye causeth sorrow: but a prating fool shall fall.
  11 The mouth of a arighteous man is a bwell of life: but violence covereth the mouth of the wicked.
  12 aHatred stirreth up bstrifes: but love covereth all sins.
 11a Ps. 37:30; Alma 36:26; D&C 108:7
     b Prov. 13:14
 12a TG Hate; TG Malice
     d TG Contention

  13 In the lips of him that hath understanding wisdom is found: but a arod is for the back of him that is void of understanding.
  14 Wise men lay up knowledge: but the amouth of the foolish is near destruction.
  15 The rich man's awealth is his strong city: the destruction of the poor is their poverty.
 13a Prov. 19:29
 14a Prov. 18:7
 15a Prov. 18:11

  16 The alabour of the righteous tendeth to blife: the fruit of the wicked to sin.
  17 He is in the way of life that keepeth ainstruction: but he that refuseth breproof erreth.
  18 He that hideth ahatred with lying lips, and he that uttereth a bslander, is a fool.
 16a TG Labor; TG Work, Value of
     b Prov. 19:23
 17a TG Teachable
     b TG Chastening; TG Reproof
 18a TG Hate
     b TG Slander

  19 In the multitude of awords there wanteth not sin: but he that brefraineth his lips is wise.
  20 The tongue of the just is as choice silver: the heart of the wicked is little worth.
  21 The lips of the righteous feed many: but afools die for want of wisdom.
 19a TG Boasting
     b Prov. 17:27
 21a Ps. 14:1-7

  22 The blessing of the LORD, it maketh arich, and he addeth no sorrow with it.
  23 It is as sport to a fool to do mischief: but a man of understanding hath wisdom.
  24 The fear of the wicked, it shall come upon him: but the desire of the righteous shall be granted.
 22a TG Treasure

  25 As the whirlwind passeth, so is the wicked no more: but the righteous is an everlasting foundation.
  26 As vinegar to the teeth, and as smoke to the eyes, so is the sluggard to them that send him.
  27 The afear of the LORD prolongeth days: but the years of the wicked shall be shortened.
 27a TG Reverence

  28 The ahope of the righteous shall be gladness: but the expectation of the wicked shall perish.
  29 The way of the LORD is astrength to the upright: but destruction shall be to the workers of iniquity.
  30 The arighteous shall never be bremoved: but the wicked shall not inhabit the earth.
 28a TG Hope
 29a TG Strength
 30a Prov. 2:21-22
     b Lam. 1:8

  31 The mouth of the just bringeth forth wisdom: but the afroward tongue shall be cut out.
  32 The lips of the righteous know what is acceptable: but the amouth of the wicked speaketh frowardness.
 31a OR perverse
 32a Eccl. 10:12